linux离线安装nginx

nginx编译安装介绍

下载nginx源码包:

http://nginx.org/download/nginx-1.12.1.tar.gz

然后解压,tar zxvf nginx-1.12.1.tar.gz

安装依赖:

安装之前使用rpm -qa |grep "名称"查看是否安全了包(centos),或者dpkg --get-selections | grep gcc(Ubuntu或者Debian)

链接:https://pan.baidu.com/s/1ggKF0XX

密码:vwig

  1. 安装gcc,如果没有gcc没有装,去看我的上一篇文章,离线安装gcc。

  2. 安装pcre依赖包:

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    rpm -ivh pcre-7.8-7.el6.x86_64.rpm --force(由于机器上已经有低版本的pcre,所以强制安装)。

    rpm -ivh pcre-devel-7.8-7.el6.x86_64.rpm。
  3. 安装libstdc++-devel(gcc-c++依赖) 一般来说REDHAT 6.5上会有这个依赖

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    rpm -ivh libstdc++-devel-4.4.7-4.el6.x86_64.rpm
  1. 安装gcc-c++ 一般来说REDHAT 6.5上会有这个依赖

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    rpm -ivh gcc-c++-4.4.7-4.el6.x86_64.rpm
  1. 安装zlib-devel 一般来说REDHAT 6.5上会有这个依赖

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    rpm -ivh zlib-devel-1.2.3-29.el6.x86_64.rpm
  1. 安装nginx

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    cd nginx-1.12.1

    ./configure

    make

    make install
  1. 运行nginx

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    cd /usr/local/nginx/sbin

    ./nginx

加入nginx开机启动

将如下代码复制粘贴到/etc/init.d/nginx

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#!/bin/sh
#
# nginx - this script starts and stops the nginx daemon
#
# chkconfig: - 85 15
# description: Nginx is an HTTP(S) server, HTTP(S) reverse \
# proxy and IMAP/POP3 proxy server
# processname: nginx
# config: /usr/local/nginx/conf/nginx.conf
# config: /etc/sysconfig/nginx
# pidfile: /usr/local/nginx/logs/nginx.pid

# Source function library.
. /etc/rc.d/init.d/functions

# Source networking configuration.
. /etc/sysconfig/network

# Check that networking is up.
[ "$NETWORKING" = "no" ] && exit 0

nginx="/usr/local/nginx/sbin/nginx"
prog=$(basename $nginx)

sysconfig="/etc/sysconfig/$prog"
lockfile="/var/lock/subsys/nginx"
pidfile="/usr/local/nginx/logs/${prog}.pid"

NGINX_CONF_FILE="/usr/local/nginx/conf/nginx.conf"

[ -f $sysconfig ] && . $sysconfig


start() {
[ -x $nginx ] || exit 5
[ -f $NGINX_CONF_FILE ] || exit 6
echo -n $"Starting $prog: "
daemon $nginx -c $NGINX_CONF_FILE
retval=$?
echo
[ $retval -eq 0 ] && touch $lockfile
return $retval
}

stop() {
echo -n $"Stopping $prog: "
killproc -p $pidfile $prog
retval=$?
echo
[ $retval -eq 0 ] && rm -f $lockfile
return $retval
}

restart() {
configtest_q || return 6
stop
start
}

reload() {
configtest_q || return 6
echo -n $"Reloading $prog: "
killproc -p $pidfile $prog -HUP
echo
}

configtest() {
$nginx -t -c $NGINX_CONF_FILE
}

configtest_q() {
$nginx -t -q -c $NGINX_CONF_FILE
}

rh_status() {
status $prog
}

rh_status_q() {
rh_status >/dev/null 2>&1
}

# Upgrade the binary with no downtime.
upgrade() {
local oldbin_pidfile="${pidfile}.oldbin"

configtest_q || return 6
echo -n $"Upgrading $prog: "
killproc -p $pidfile $prog -USR2
retval=$?
sleep 1
if [[ -f ${oldbin_pidfile} && -f ${pidfile} ]]; then
killproc -p $oldbin_pidfile $prog -QUIT
success $"$prog online upgrade"
echo
return 0
else
failure $"$prog online upgrade"
echo
return 1
fi
}

# Tell nginx to reopen logs
reopen_logs() {
configtest_q || return 6
echo -n $"Reopening $prog logs: "
killproc -p $pidfile $prog -USR1
retval=$?
echo
return $retval
}

case "$1" in
start)
rh_status_q && exit 0
$1
;;
stop)
rh_status_q || exit 0
$1
;;
restart|configtest|reopen_logs)
$1
;;
force-reload|upgrade)
rh_status_q || exit 7
upgrade
;;
reload)
rh_status_q || exit 7
$1
;;
status|status_q)
rh_$1
;;
condrestart|try-restart)
rh_status_q || exit 7
restart
;;
*)
echo $"Usage: $0 {start|stop|reload|configtest|status|force-reload|upgrade|restart|reopen_logs}"
exit 2
esac

启动nginx:

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# chmod +x /etc/init.d/nginx
# service nginx start

配置nginx开机启动

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# chkconfig nginx on

设置nginx环境变量

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# vim /etc/profile

在其文件末尾添加如下变量

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export PATH=$PATH:/usr/local/nginx/sbin

或者用以下命令添加

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# sed -i '/unset -f pathmunge/a\export PATH=$PATH:/usr/local/nginx/sbin' /etc/profile

运行如下命令使环境变量生效

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# source /etc/profile
一路前行,感谢有你~~
  • 本文作者: var author='李威'
  • 本文标题: linux离线安装nginx
  • 创建时间: 2018-02-08 11:20:25
  • 本文链接: https://www.wayearn.com/linux离线安装nginx/
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